By: Teacher Linalyn
A group of words that is part of, rather than the whole of, a sentence. It does not have a finite verb in it.
The phrase is an essential part of a sentence. We usually add this to a sentence to make it more meaningful. Let’s take a look at these examples.
- In front of the building
- Before the next trip
- After a good day
- In a dark and dangerous hallway
- Until the next day
Let’s try to take a look at the different phrase types. I have added songs and poems, so we can check out more examples of these phrases.
A. Noun Phrase
Group of words that is simply nouns with modifiers. It can function as a subject, an object, or a compliment.
- As a SUBJECT
[A box of chocolates] is hidden under my bed.
- As a DIRECT OBJECT
You can see [a box of chocolates] under my bed.
- As an INDIRECT OBJECT
The man bought [the gorgeous woman] some flowers.
- As a SUBJECT COMPLEMENT
My grandfather is [a well-known artist].
- As an OBJECT COMPLEMENT
The doctor pronounced the patient [dead on arrival].
Let’s sing the song entitled DON” T STOP BELIEVIN” sung by the famous rock band JOURNEY and check the noun phrases used.
Don’t Stop Believin’
Just a small town girl
Livin’ in a lonely world
She took the midnight train goin’ anywhere
Just a city boy
Born and raised in South Detroit
He took the midnight train goin’ anywhere
A singer in a smokey room
The smell of wine and cheap perfume
For a smile, they can share the night
It goes on and on, and on, and on
It consists of adjectives, modifiers, and complements. It usually has an adjective acting as the head but can also contain words or phrases before or after the head. It usually provides greater detail.
The market sells “red, green, and yellow“ peppers.
[Two or more adjectives used with a noun or pronoun]
Joan is a” very pretty” girl.
[An adverb, an adjective, and a noun]
The students “in the cafeteria” are speaking loudly.
[A prepositional phrase functioning as an adjective phrase]
C) Adverb Phrase
Two or more words that play the role of an adverb. It usually describes when, where, or how something happened.
I walked [over the bridge].
[ This shows Adverbial Phrase of Place]
[After the game], the player left quickly.
[It states here when the player left]
He sings [in a low register].
[This is the Adverbial Phrase of Manner. It states how he sings]
This phrase is made up of a preposition and a noun or pronoun. It usually begins with a preposition and nouns or pronouns are its objects. Prepositional phrases can either act as an adjective or an adverb.
I visited my friend in the countryside.
The girl in front of me is so beautiful.
I can’t believe she’s going out with that tall, handsome guy.